Postpartum depression (PPD) is a real illness caused in biology, psychology, environment, and hormones. PPD is the most common complication of childbirth. PPD affects up to 20% of mothers anytime in the first year after delivery.
Postpartum Depression Self-Test:The Edinburgh Scale is well-known as a tool for new mothers to determine whether or they might have postpartum depression. Do you think you might have postpartum depression (PPD)? Take this simple test and use the scoring system indicated below. You should complete the test yourself. You are asked to check the answer that comes closest to how you have been feeling in the last 7 days.
In the last 7 days:
1. I have been able to laugh and see the funny side of things:
2. I have looked forward with enjoyment to things:
*3. I have blamed myself unnecessarily when things went wrong:
4. I have been anxious or worried for no good reason:
*5. I have felt scared or panicky for no good reason:
*6. Things have been getting on top of me:
*7. I have been so unhappy that I have had difficulty sleeping:
*8. I have felt sad or miserable:
*9. I have been so unhappy that I have been crying:
*10. The thought of harming myself has occurred to me:
1, 2 and 4 without an asterisk: Answer number 1 is valued at 0 points; number 2 at 1, answer 3 at 2 and answer 4 at a value of 3 points
3, 5-10 with an asterisk: Answer number 1 is valued at 3 points, answer 2 is 2, answer 3 is 1 and answer number 4 is valued at 0 points.
Maximum Score: 30 points
Possible Depression: Score of 10 or higher
If you have a score of 10 or higher, be sure to contact your medical provider as soon as possible. If you scored answer 1 to question 10, seek help immediately.
Sources for Edinburgh Scale, directions and scoring:
Cox, J.L., Holden, J.M., and Sagovsky, R. 1987. Detection of postnatal depression: Development of the 10-item Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. British Journal of Psychiatry 150:782-786.
K.L. Wisner, B.L. Parry, C.M. Piontek, Postpartum Depression N Eng J Med vol. 347, No. 3, July 18, 2002, 194-199.